Welcome to The City of Heroes
Surabaya is an ancient city, with a rich history. It is a tale that has been written in the blood, hopes and accomplishments of the amazing people who have lived here. From the rich tapestry of Javanese culture, to the vibrant Madurese impact, and on to the interweaving of Indian, Arabic and Chinese cultures … Surabaya has always been a meeting place for imagination and destiny. A major shipping center, a transit port, and an international gateway … Indonesia’s second-largest city, and the capital of East Java, has a rich history and an exciting present waiting to be discovered. From poets to princes; from revolutionaries to teachers; Surabaya is truly the City of heroes.
Surabaya is a port city, and has been a major player in, and shaper of, events since the thirteenth century when the city came into its own. At a time when Madura and Kediri were kingdoms and Raden Wijaya had just repelled(1292-1293) an invasion by the forces of the aged Kublai Khan, Surabaya became a center of trade. The Majapahit Empire came into being. They were a military and economic powerhouse and largely shaped the physical reality of the Indonesia we know today.
Majapahit, and thus Surabaya, eventually fell to Mataram and then the Mataram to the Dutch. From within Surabaya the spirit of independence stayed strong and would flare again. From Orange Hotel(later renamed Majapahit) to Red Bridge(Jembatan Merah) Surabaya would be the stage for many of the pivotal moments of the struggle for independence.
Surabaya is a few hours from some of the most amazing beaches in the world, as well as near a thriving nightlife scene and plenty of restaurants, shops, and other activities.
The capital of East Java, and a gateway to both Central Java and West Java. Surabaya exists as a historic, cultural and economic touchstone, important to the archipelago.
A Brief History of Indonesia
by Tim Hannigan
A SHORT HISTORY OF INDONESIA
by Colin Brown
Allen & Unwin
83 Alexander Street
Crows Nest NSW 2065